[ Sound Bank ] LOWEND102 (Announcement : DIY Booklet + theory sheets)

Thanks @Studio_Cee

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LOWEND Article 03 : Sub2gain Patch

( sustained Sub BASS Sound-Design exercise )


No we’ve seen how to filter a Triangle to get close to a sinewave. And also, understood how a filter can be used as a sinewave generator (remember those gold value 52.70 to tune our filter on the cutoff and +32 on the keytracking to get a range of notes)

Are you ready to go further ?
Let us bringing life to the Sub2gain patch

For those who don’t want to follow this you can download the patch here. For the others i encourage everyone to make it first, save your version, then upload mine and A/B compare … You should have more or less the same…
DOWNLOAD LINK : https://www.elektronauts.com/files/450

A little reminder before, don’t forget to read the Sub BASS introduction. Also depending on your Monitors and/or headphones you can hear different results than what i get. The overall level of these Sub BASS are at max volume and as a matter of fact a bit noisy. The trick, then is to lowered you Track Level and Amp Level for a smooth Sub BASS.

The Exercise

1. If you set a Spectrum to see what’s happening frequency wise it’s better. You have all the informations just before to set up. it’s time to put yourself and your analog four in the range of our Sub Bass.

2. When designing a Sub Bass, a complicated task is to make it work in the mix with your kick. It is not a simple task. Also, you need to have in mind something else, your Sub at the end must be at least feel, if possible feel & heard a bit… Few extra harmonics can permit to the sub Bass to be heard… When a pure tone without harmonics can double the Main Bass and give more emotions and vibrations in our bodies. It’s a common practice to write a piece of club music between E and A# (and all in between) regarding how are able PA System generally to translate the Sub Bass correctly. Try to not go lower than 40hZ… and if possible try to keep yourself before the fundamental of your kick. (Now you understand why Spectrum is important)

Analog Four Poly config and Sound settings will be important here, i encourage you to try Legato, Glide and Unison 2 voices… in this kind of sound (Because of "lost gain from filtering the triangle check exercise 1) We go in here and check 1 & 2 voices in Unison mode. We keep things in the center… just a bit of loudness and gain…

3. Oscillator 1 settings
As explain in the Article 01 : Sinewave - We will use a Triangle and filtering odd harmonics then. Pay attention to something here. Try first to set TUN to -12, play some notes and activate the SUB OSC to 1OCT … sound Weird right ? because it’s too low and our Monitors or Headphones have trouble revealing these frequencies (and also because the sub is a square) the trick is when you will use the filter then to get your Bass or your Sub BASS as it’s substractive synthesis we start with Raw Waveform and we filter then to get what we want (here i can say that only because it’s a bass there’s not so much modulation… for now…) So Keep the Main Oscillator high enough to get a pleasant Sub OSC, we don’t care it will be filtered after…

( Information : You can only use the Sub OSC too and deactivate the Main OSC but here we want a kind of Sinewave in our sub )

Values are : TRI, TUN = 0, LEV = 127, SUB = 1OCT, PW - 11

4. Oscillator 2 settings
We gonna make our Sub BASS Tone a little bit more interesting and mix a bit of a Low 303 in our Sinewave base.

Values are : TRP, TUN = -12, LEV = 52, SUB = 1OCT, PW - 20

Mmm we want OSC RETRIG here so activate TRG = ON


5. Filter settings
Now that’s where things become more interesting, Ladder Filter shape the Sub Bass (it remove unwanted part of the Raw waveforms and make our a sound more a Bass now… as we play in the range of the Sub Bass yeah you get it…) Now what is the purpose of the Multimode Filter 2 here, It enhances our very low frequencies a bit like an EQ

Values are : I don’t give any values here … i want you to FEEL IT you have the guidelines on the screenshot…


6. Amp Envelope (we Sculpt our sound relative to its nature)
Don’t forget what i said i would like here a playable sustained Sub BASS here… so…

7. Filter Envelope (How the filter react to it’s envelope…)



What we can do from here

  1. First we can make our sound more smooth by lowering the Track Volume and Amp volume… it will need a bit of gain after so you should probably find your own way for that. At max it’s a bit noisy, more around 90-100 values the Sub BASS is way more beautiful to me, clean and very effective.

  2. The Sub BASS Melody or LINE, how you play it (the range of note) as i said earlier is very important, quality of your monitoring system as a huge impact on your design, decisions… that’s why i made an introduction to speak about that. As i said too try to avoid sub bass notes in your melody under than E1 ( 43.65 Hz) it’s a matter of PA Club System here… Rumble and things like that… Vinyl cut etc… Anyway the learning content here is not a Mixing Course… i keep it simple and only gives useful hints without to give headaches to everyone… and relative to sound synthesis regarding the LOW END range of frequencies.

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LOWEND Article 04 : SubPeaked Patch

( Feedback Sub BASS Sound-Design exercise )

Normally you should have your Unison activated in Poly Config and Voice 1 and 2 checked ! if not please go back to Article 3 to see how Poly Config is Set.


No we’ve seen how to make a clean Sub BASS but more interesting than a utility one. Time to take a step further in the Sub BASS register.

For those who don’t want to follow this you can download the patch here. For the others i encourage everyone to make it first, save your version, then upload mine and A/B compare … You should have more or less the same…
DOWNLOAD LINK : https://www.elektronauts.com/files/450

The Exercise

2. Oscillator 2 settings pay attention here we’re gonna set a filtered triangle to get close to a sinewave one octave lower TUN = -12 and we Boost it at max to recover the dB loss from the filtering process. We start by OSC2 because we gonna try to give a little boost and grits to the the sinewave with the Feedback option and this option is in the OSC1.

1. Oscillator 1 settings Activate the Feedback First in the Waveforms selection and crank up the volume until you find the sound interesting or boosted as you wish. i set a Level = 84, then we mix a 1OCT SUB OSC with everything to get a more interesting Timbre… (as the Sub OSC is always 1OCT Lower we keep it at TUN = 0 to match the OSC2 TUN at -12 …)

3. Oscillator 2 options Now you will learn a new thing there, except the OSC Retrig you already see in the Article 03 you activate that, We introduce in this sub a dynamic attack just to give a little boom at the beginning so we set the BEND and SLI to respectively +25 and 27… I will give an option there if i want to play this Sub BASS Sustained i want some movement inside, a simple vibrato but i don’t want it to start when i hit the note but later in the sustained step of the notes. For that we set the Fade (Fade IN here for instance it will delay to a bit later the moment we start to hear the vibrato, value is -44) And we set the SPD (Speed) to 35 and the VIB (Vibrato) to 46

Note : If the desired effect is achieve with this simple control : USE IT, if you can’t find a matching with what you hear or what you have in mind you will have to reproduce that with a Pitch envelope modulation mimic the BEND and a LFO eventually on volume depending of the vibrato effect you looking to finally have more control… If you can get what you after with this simple control i recommend to use it. You can also use it to get an idea and then going to looking for a more precise handle of these effects in the sound later…

4. Filters settings
Time to sculpt the sound and that’s why i called it SubPeaked : this time we will use a Peak Mode of the Filter 2. Firstly set the Ladder Filter to a more Sub BASS sound value i choose is 42.26 … i would like again to bring some texture so we add a little bit of Overdrive so +7 on the A4 MKII and -7 on the A4 MKI … And also not much but a little bit of opening frequency wise on the attack of the sound F1 DEP = +5
Now a bit of EQ shaping FRQ = 14.16, RES = 27 and a little bit of negative filter tracking = -13


5. Amp Envelope settings
Here we set a sustain sort of AMP Envelope and we use a Drum Shape the model 11


7. Filter Envelope (How the filter react to it’s envelope…)
Here we control how the filter react we make it close a bit faster with the decay value to 36… and we change it’s shape to the model 3



What we can do from here

  1. You can play this sub Bass like a percussion… You Play it sustained and sometimes let the Vibrato create some interesting variations…

  2. We probably at some point speak about the Elektron sequencer (probably in the REESE exercise) because it’s the typical stuff you should try to extend the interest of your Sub or BASS line (if it’s the effect you after…) P-Locking rate of the LFO but in a Rhythmical way is the Key :wink: The way you should use the Step or Performer in Massive VST…

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LOWEND Article 05 : SubDamaged Patch

( Movement, Wobblish Sub BASS Sound-Design exercise )

Normally you should have your Unison activated in Poly Config and Voice 1 and 2 checked ! if not please go back to Article 3 to see how Poly Config is Set.


No we’ve seen how to make a interesting sonic Sub BASS. Time to take a step further in the Sub BASS register and add a little bit of movement. (We start from scratch again as every patch here)

For those who don’t want to follow this you can download the patch here. For the others i encourage everyone to make it first, save your version, then upload mine and A/B compare … You should have more or less the same…
DOWNLOAD LINK : https://www.elektronauts.com/files/450

The Exercise

1. Oscillator 1 settings
Shut down OSC1 by selecting OFF in the waveform, we gonna use a Sub OSC = 1OCT, Level at 127 for a more smooth version you can mix waveforms differently and lowering the Level of this Sub OSC Square to something less pronounced but i would like something buzzy here.

2. Oscillator 2 settings
As usually with our Sub BASS Sound Design we set our base sinewave’ish to TUN = -12

3. Filters settings
Simple configuration for the Filter here we only remove odd harmonics a bit to get something in the Sub BASS register. Filter Cutoff = 45.75 in LP2 Mode.


4.Amp Envelope settings
Important here is to set a Sustainable Envelope otherwise you can’t be able to hear movements & wobble introduced by the LFO modulations at the END ! That’s an important point for every sound-design sometimes you make it to short like a piano kind of envelope or short bass then you want to introduce movements but you can’t hard it it’s because of the Sustain and the Release. (Always have that in mind)


5. Filter Envelope (How the filter react to it’s envelope…)
Nothing crazy here…


6. Adding Movement and Wobble with LFO settings
LFO1
That’s the important part other steps before was just get the low tone, filter odd harmonics… get something buzzy. Here we gonna work on the “Feel & Hear” the Sub BASS as discussed in the introduction… The first thing i done is modulate the Overdrive so it gives movement on altering the timbre and making it from clean to gritty like a vibrato style effect… we also do the same on the Filter Frequency F2 so we’ll be able to heard the Sub BASS better… when playing it sustained. in TRIG Mode we don’t want the LFO to be free here but retrig each time a note is hit.

Then with LFO2, we set a vibrato but not applied when hitting the note… so Fade in = -40 and Vibrato on VOL = +25 in TRIG Mode we don’t want the LFO to be free here but retrig each time a note is hit.


That’s the End for the Sub, What’s Next ?

  1. Next we’ll learn how to make a 808 Bass / 808 Sub Bass it will be fun ! There’s more than one way to achieve it. This sound is one of my favorites ! it’s also a widely adopted sound in HipHop, Trap Music Genre… Prepare yourself to a very Loud and Punchy Bass :slight_smile:

  2. Next of course we only have a little baby step to build a BASS DRUM because the 808 Bass is a more soften pitch envelope with a little bit of release. With few adjustments we get a Bass DRUM (Kick) but i warn you it’s not that easy to get a kick drum because with small adjustments here and there you can get many different results… Because we are too used to hearing it treated, compressed… Thanks to the A4 envelopes models we can get very nice Bass DRUM from it. And pairs with the New RYTM MKII and Sampling capability if you have both : you are more than ready to get every kick you can have in mind creatively !!! Add a HEAT then, and well … you have the whole chain to design every Bass DRUM you can looking for… (considering Processing with what we have and get then of course…)

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LOWEND Article 06 : 808Sub Patch

( Punch, LowEnd Sub BASS Sound-Design exercise )

Normally you should have your Unison activated in Poly Config and Voice 1 and 2 checked ! if not please go back to Article 3 to see how Poly Config is Set.


Now we’ll learn how to make a 808 Bass / 808 Sub Bass it will be fun ! There’s more than one way to achieve it. This sound is one of my favorites ! it’s also a widely adopted sound in HipHop, Trap Music Genre… Prepare yourself to a very Loud and Punchy Bass. A Template here is delivered as a start point for any sound-design based on its characteristics.

For those who don’t want to follow this you can download the patch here. For the others i encourage everyone to make it first, save your version, then upload mine and A/B compare … You should have more or less the same…
DOWNLOAD LINK : https://www.elektronauts.com/files/450

The Exercise

1. Oscillator 1 settings
Started as well (now you are a pro with the Sub Layer using the TRIANGLE filtered to get that Sinewave) -24 full level

2. Oscillator 2 settings
Then as you can see LEVL here is at 0, but we set this Oscillator and when we finish the sound you can come back here and try slightly to bring the level up… and find you own waveforms mixing by introduce a bit of grits in this 808 Sub… Generally this sound is clean so if we make it dirty it’s something else but anyway maybe you’ll like it too :slight_smile:

3. Oscillators options
To make things simple here we give life to this 808 Sub by using the simple control BEND and SLI … because that’s what we looking for here so BEND = +63 and SLI to 44 … Oh we want gain OSC RETRIG here so TRG = ON

4. Filters settings
Now the Filters Ladder remove odd harmonics and shape our sounds to be Subby and very Low, we add a little bit of Envelope Depth here to +16… Multimode filter will boost the Bass Frequencies if it was a BASS the Cutoff would be around 30-50 as it’s more a 808 Sub style we are a bit lower 18.25 and same a bit of Envelope Depth +13


5.Amp Envelope settings
Here we sclupt the sound to its nature, or the nature we want it to be. Sustainable a bit of release to be able to Play a Bass Line.


6. Filter Envelope (How the filter react to it’s envelope…)
We adjust this one as we want the filter envelope to react in time, for each note … this is the principle of the envelope… and we use another model for the shape.


Great 808 Sub right, now What’s Next ?

OH BEFORE please read that :

  1. As i said now you can try to mixing waveforms from OSC2 and bring harmonics to make a more noisy or gritty 808 Sub… Maybe you can add a little bit of Overdrive too…

  2. Or we can make an introduction in the Amplitude Modulation as we prepare are OSC2 on a Square Waveforms, go in Oscillators options (Twice click on OSC2) activate AM1 because OSC2 Square will modulate OSC1… Now feel how OSC1 Timbre can get Altered by firstly TUN parameter, FIN & DET… And Also PW, SPD, PWM and LEVEL… Experiment, don’t try to go further with that i will come back on Amplitude Modulation later… But you probably already save few patches from this ! Congratulations … I hope you find some great AM Bass there…

Note : as we probably lose a bit of focus there… because of the What Next ? experimental suggestions i made … I encourage you to follow the next article later. Make a Break…

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Side Note :

In the END of the Article 06 on 808 Sub Bass, i encouraged you to experiment in the What’s Next section. Coming back to that to speak about a fundamental notion in Sound Synthesis :

Saving Iterations
I can only insist on this point, it is essential really! Because you probably heard about the “Sweet Spot” notion…i don’t really like this designation anyway, there’s “Sweet Spots” and trust me there’s a LOT… You experiment and you will find some pleasant things to happen…

Quite honestly every time you make a baby smile at birth, you’re stuck on a melody with the current setup … it’s very likely that it’s an iteration to back up ! So please when it’s happen think to me and say oh william told me about that moment… i will copy the sound TRK1 Copy and i will paste it on TRK2 before i screw it… or Sound Manager > Store TRK sound… And call it : whateverthenameyourwant-01

And as long as you have not re-initialized your TRK to start on a brand new sound-design. Each time you see this baby smile or you find a tasty melody with a different sound from the whateverthenameyourwant-01 AGAIN SAVE IT to whateverthenameyourwant-0203, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08 You don’t care you 14 bank…

You will previewing later all iterations and keep only the ones you really like… maybe the next day ! it’s a good practice to let your ears calm down and coming back on your sounds with clean ears… There’s things you gonna dislike and things you like even more… maybe you will tweak it again and save a much better version of it.

DONT LOST SOME SOUND DESIGN or SWEET SPOT because at some point you will be tired and you will switch OFF you machine ! and if you haven’t saved your iterations … you may have lost one afternoon plain and simple and it’s not good !

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Of course it’s the beginning so it’s start from the basics, it’s easy for now… BUT

I’m curious to have feedbacks from you… Do you started to try those Exercises ? Do you wait for the printable Booklet because you prefer to print it so you can put if on the table side by side with your Analog Four and Focus on with it… you will be able to do that at some point anyway don’t worry

What do you think of the articles at the moment ?
Do you understand me ?
Am I going too fast or not enough?
Did you learn things?

Or any thoughts you can come with don’t hesitate to reach me, PM if you prefer, publicly as well :wink:

Cheers Nauts !

William

@William_WiLD it’s taken me a while to get around to auditioning the new pack, after downloading minutes after initial release! However very impressive work mate.

You should feel proud of yourself.

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William_WiLD you are too good to us. :rocket:
I’m busy too much for a proper studying, but looking forward to printing as you say and having it with a coffee by my A4. You bet!
Thank you :sailboat:

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Yes i imagine there’s people would like to experiment/study like i do with a full document printed on table. Anyway i continu here to reveal things… it’s don’t change anything and show to people things progress and will comes… Also show an idea of the actual content. The first chapter on Sinewave-SubBass-BassDRUM will finished on Sunday.

After that the second chapter will be BASS, we will cover some classics, so it will be coool because we’re gonna talk about Music Genre too.

2 very important chapter i guess will be :

  1. Pairing, Mixing, Altering waveforms to get interesting timbre

  2. Using the A4 in Poly mode for Sound Design purpose
    (one finger chords, 2 finger chords, Layering Sound Design… because i approached this topic quickly in the Sound Bank itself…)

When BASS is finished we’ll be at 35% of the Learning Content
Most of it is already written … I can fix my drafts by a second time reading when writing the articles here, it’s more soft for me … and I refine the sounds and templates too to be sure not to have too much fix to make once the document and its files will be online

Thanks for those feedback !

Don’t stop i can eventually refine few things if necessary and please note that those sounds covered in Article are NEW and not inside the Sound Bank…

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LOWEND Article 07 : 808 BASS Patch

( Punch, BASS Sound-Design exercise )

Normally you should have your Unison activated in Poly Config and Voice 1 and 2 checked ! if not please go back to Article 3 to see how Poly Config is Set.


Now we’ll learn how to make a 808 Bass
(not a Sub Bass even thought you can play it 1 OCT lower)

For those who don’t want to follow this you can download the patch here. For the others i encourage everyone to make it first, save your version, then upload mine and A/B compare … You should have more or less the same…
DOWNLOAD LINK : https://www.elektronauts.com/files/450

The Exercise

Click on the picture here to zoom it full size


What’s Next ?

  1. i deliver and Explain a 808 BASS template, a Starter Template is like an INIT but it will configure all the basics to get started directly. You load the template and you start tweaking you own 808 BASS, the pitch envelope is here, frequency wise filters are in place… there’s only the basics provided it’s yours to take the template and go further with your own taste.

  2. i deliver another new sound, i load the 808 BASS template myself, take it further whatever i have in mind regarding what BASS Sound i would like to make. To show you (sort of) the whole process of using a Starter Template based Sound Design … and i hope you will like it as i like this BASS called TKN BASS 01 (What an original name right ? it’s for TekiNovaH = TKN i will always signed my Patch TKN as my own sound signature anyway i will not repeat that ever… just one time so you know what TKN mean)

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LOWEND Article 08 : TP-808BASS

( Punch, BASS Starter Template file )

Normally you should have your Unison activated in Poly Config and Voice 1 and 2 checked ! if not please go back to Article 3 to see how Poly Config is Set.


Now we’ll check how the Starter Template file TP-808Bass is crafted !

For those who don’t want to follow this you can download the patch here. For the others i encourage everyone to make it first, save your version, then upload mine and A/B compare … You should have more or less the same…
DOWNLOAD LINK : https://www.elektronauts.com/files/450

The Exercise

Click on the picture here to zoom it full size


How to use this Starter Template ?

  1. First load it :slight_smile: and try some notes… Octave default sounds OK, it’s sound even better in Octave -1…

  2. Then you can want to shape is how the attack oomph react to suit your needs. Meet me in the envelope 2 section of the Analog Four where a pitch envelope is set on both OSC1 and OSC2, beer in mind there you can assign it only to OSC1 if you want to extend the character of the sounds by adding OSC2 in the Sound Design and don’t want that attack part on the OSC2 behavior. To shape the Attack Part play around with the Decay

  3. You can also control how much of the Attack Part harmonics is bring into the sound with the Ladder Filter Depth.

  4. You can control how the frequencies are boosted with the Multi Mode Filter depending where your sitting default octave or 1 octave lower.

Thats all for the Recipe of this Sound… Normally it’s a Clean sound. You can extend it to a more Loud Sound by bringing the Self-Resonating feature, the second oscillator, Vibrato, PWM, Unison configuration and of course the modulation section LFO

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LOWEND Article 09 : TKN_BASS 01

( Punch, BASS Crafted with TP-808BASS Starter Template file )

Normally you should have your Unison activated in Poly Config and Voice 1 and 2 checked ! if not please go back to Article 3 to see how Poly Config is Set.


Try to reproduce it or enjoy the Patch if you like it…

https://soundcloud.com/tekinovah/tkn_bass-01

For those who don’t want to follow this you can download the patch here. For the others i encourage everyone to make it first, save your version, then upload mine and A/B compare … You should have more or less the same…
DOWNLOAD LINK : https://www.elektronauts.com/files/450

The RECIPE

Click on the picture here to zoom it full size


How to use this Patch ?

The TKN_BASS 01 is in two parts layering… so you can use it as a Tom/Chord Percussive BASS for few notes as well as a LOWEND rollin with the parameter Slide… And removing with P-Locks the Tom/Chord Percussive Part every where you don’t want it as i done here… You can tweak it also to your own taste :slight_smile:

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LOWEND Article 10 : BASS DRUM (Introduction)

(Explanations, Tips & Sound-Design)

As we can see on this picture the Kick Drum or Bass Drum is part of the LOWEND just after the SUB range of frequency and as i said in the Sub BASS (Introduction) the 808 Bass Drum can be as low as a Sub frequencies… That’s why it’s so difficult in a track to use a 808 BD with a Sub Bass (Frequencies clashes and need focus & processing) and most people recommend to use a 909 BD instead when really need a Sub BASS.

I will not repeat the frequency range of those Roland famous Bass Drums here i would like to demonstrate visually 2 things. The controls we get on both BD Generator : 808 = LEV + TUN + DECAY and 909 = LEV + TUN + ATTACK + DECAY (Of course these are not the only popular drum machine there are many to quote but the characteristics of these two are kind of simple to understand)
The Anatomy of the Bass Drum, reflected by its waveform show that we have an Impulse/Attack very loud and the sound decrease gradually over time… Also we have a long tail stable corresponding to the Fundamental of the Bass Drum.

When you heard Tune your drums it’s this part who need to match the Key of the Track strictly tuned or harmoniously, therefore all people seem to not be agree on that even if drummers tuned their drums as well as percussionists, that’s a fact.

The middle part between the Impulse/Attack and the Tail, is called the Punch and it’s obtained by the modulation of the Pitch. (By an Envelope or a LFO)

So when discussing about Drum Layering you will see that we will find this idea of ​​3 important parts (or 2) in the construction of percussion with this method of blending separated parts…
Click, Punch and Tail (can be called TONE as well)

When designing a Kick Drum on the Analog Four i recommend to first program a Four to the Floor sequence or a more broken style like hiphop… Set the note to 1/8 (or a bit longer than that). Generally we TUN our oscillator 2 octave down. If you want a clean and deep House Bass Drum it’s best to start with a Sinewave… As we already see that few times before i guess you, now, know exactly how do that… TRIANGLE filtered or Self-Resonating Filter. Of course, we gonna end with a classical BD, for a more Hard BD we start with more harmonics in the waveform, overdrive etc… are some of the key for that kind of BD.

Normally we just need the DECAY on both AMP Envelope and ENV2 (or LFO) assigned to the OSC1, OSC2 or OSCX Pitch to get something working and get the Anatomy of a Bass Drum… Therefore it’s the basics of the recipe ! feel free to explore more advanced shaping with ADSR or LFO !

Both Filters will really help to sculpting original sort of Bass Drums especially like EQing the sound and bringing some part to life… If you analyzed Bass Drum Design on the A4 you will see Filters are usually used the huge way regarding Depth & Envelopes or LFO… And all sort of crazy waveforms altered by LFO even Tracking filters for FM’ish Bass Drums.

Generally we don’t use delay, chorus or reverb on Bass Drum (Keep it clean & mono is a good idea). But you may want to reproduce kind of old-school gated reverb kick… it’s doable by p-locking the reverb in the sequencer…

Last but not least when starting to sound design Bass Drum as i mentioned before i really advise you to design through Spectrum and Oscilloscope, it will help you to handle timing with ADSR because we all know what’s a Bass Drum look like, you can see the Filters shaping and how crazy you gone with Transients or something and maybe adjust when you realize that you have been too far.

Also good start points for the Fundamental of the kick design are A, G, E, C and for the amount of Pitch modulation can be 24 semi-tones or even more (24,36,48) depending of the ADSR/LFO shaping then and FIlters. You can use Fixed oscillators too by deactivate on OSC pages TRK option.

OSC

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These are awesome tutorials William. Thank you.

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I’ve been away for a few days so I’m slow to respond. Excellent work William. This is a phenomenal amount of your time that you are sharing with us and I totally appreciate what you are doing. I love the presentation. It is clear and easy to follow but offers the challenge and inspiration to get hands dirty and experiment. Very cool!

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Thanks @djx it appears that most people wait to print the booklet to get started on the desk which i can perfectly understand that’s the way i prefer too :wink:

i make my best to finish around January/February :slight_smile:

(Edited because I don’t think the booklet will be ready in 2 days.)

Yes thats me…I’ll get the whole book then sit down on couch feet up and start learning with A4 in headphones.

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I am in a period where only happens to me is bad news. A received energy bill that I did not expect the rise in any case not in these proportions (300€…) And to top it off, I have two hard drives that have the same names Samsung D3 and T3, I launched a formatting procedure on the bad one !
I tried to unplug the drive to simulate a power failure that happens at the right time. But that did not work. On this 6To disk there is a lot of things (included LOWEND) that I try to recover with Data Rescue. (Stellar Phoenix did not give anything) That’s what I’m in at the moment and why you people do not see / hear me too much right now … (for now software running all night and it’s only at 10 percent so …)

:frowning: